ICSE Set Qa1 Year Icse Chemistry97 Qa1.php Chemistry Exam Paper for students online

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Chemistry - 1997( I.C.S.E)
You are on answer 1 of Set I

SCIENCE
SECTION -I (40 - Marks)
(One Hour and a Half)
Answer all questions.

Q 1 (a) Answer the questions below, relating your answers only to salts in the following list : Sodium Chloride, anhydrous calcium chloride, copper sulphate - 5- water.

(i) What name is given to the water in the compound copper sulphate - 5-water?
Ans. (i) Water of Crystalisation

(ii) If copper sulphate -5 - water is heated, the water is driven off leaving anhydrous copper sulphate.
(A) What is the colour of anhydrous sulphate?

Ans. White

(B) By what means, other than heating, could you dehydrate copper sulphate -5-water and obtain anhydrous copper sulphate?
Ans.By heating with any dehydrating agent.

(iii) What is deliquescence ?
Ans.Deliquescence are those substance which absorb moisture such as anhyd. CaCl2 and NaOH.

(iv) Which one of  the salts in the given list is deliquescent ?
Ans.
Anhydrous calcium chloride

Q 1 (b) State what you see when :
(i)   a piece of moist blue litmus paper is placed in a gas jar of chlorine.
(ii)  a piece of moist red litmus paper is placed in a gas jar of ammonia .
(iii) Silver nitrate solution is added to dilute hydrochloric acid.
(iv) Zinc oxide is heated.
(v)  A glowing splint is introduced into a gas jar containing oxygen.
Ans.1 (b) (i) Turns red .
(ii) turns blue
(iii) White ppt of AgCl are formed.
     AgNO3 + HCl --------- AgCl + HNO3

(iv) 2ZnO ----------- 2Zn + O2
(v) Glow of splint Increases

Q 1 (c) Write correctly balanced equations for the following reactions :|
(i) Molten sodium and chlorine.
(ii) Nitrogen and oxygen when lightning strikes.
(iii) Iron and dilute sulphuric acid.
(iv) Decomposition of hypochlorous acid in sunlight.
(v) Action of heat on potassium nitrate.

Ans.1 (c) (i) 2Na + Cl2 ---------- 2NaCl
(ii) N2 + O2  lightning   2NO (Nitric Oxide)
(iii) Fe + H2SO4(dil) ------------- FeSO4 + H2
(iv) HClO ------------------ HCl + O (oxygen)
(v) 2KNO3 ----------------- 2KNO2 +O2

Q 1(d) Water can be split into hydrogen and oxygen under suitable conditions.
The equation representing the change is :
2H2O(l)        --------------- 2H2(g) + O2(g).

(i) If  a given experiment result in 2500 cm3 of hydrogen being produced, what value of oxygen is liberated at the same time under the same conditions of temperature and pressure?

(ii) The 2500 cm3 of hydrogen is subjected to 2 1/2   times increases in pressure (temperature remaining constant ). What volume will the hydrogen now occupy ?

(iii) Taking the volume of hydrogen calculated in (d) (ii), what change must be made in the kelvin (absolute) temprature to return the volume to  2500 cm3 (pressure remaining constant)?

Ans.1 (d) 2H2O(e) ------------- 2H2 + O2

(i) 2 Vol. of H2 = 1 vol of O2

(ii) 2500 of H2 = 1/2 x 2500
=1250 cm3 of O2

(iii) (i) P1 = 1 Atm.
P2 = 2.5 Atm.
V1 = 2500
V2 = ?
P1 V1 = P2 V2
1 x 2500 = 2.5 x V2
V2 = 2500x10/25
V2 = 1000 cm3

(iii)(ii) If volume of H2 = 1000 cm3 say, temp. is T1, V2 = 2500 New temp. T2

V1 / T1 = V2 / T2

1000/T1 = 2500/T2

or

T2/T1= 2500/1000

=2.5

T2 = 2.5 T1

It must be 2.5 times of orignal temperature.

Q 1 (e) The compound Na2B4O7.10H2O is commonly known as borax. When litmus is added to a solution of borax solution, it turns blue
(i) What can you say about the pH of borax solution?
(ii) Calculate the precentage of boron (B) in borax. (H = 1, B = 11, O = 16, Na = 23. Answer correct to 1 decimal place. ) 
Ans 1(e)  Borax Na2 B4O7. 10H2O

(i) PH of borax solution is greater than  Basic   nature salt of strong Base + weak acid.
% of Boron  = 11 x 4 x 100 / 382
= 4400 / 382
= 11.51 %

(ii) BaCl2 + FeSO4 -------------- BaSO4 + FeCl2  (White PPt of of Barium sulphate are seen )

Q 1 (f) (i) Sodium hydoxide solution can be used to distinguish between iron (II) sulphate solution and iron (III) sulphate solution because these solution give different coloured precipitates with sodium hydroxide solutions. Give the colour of the precipitate formed with :

(1) Ferrous (II) sulphate solution Feso4+2Nooh Fe(OH)2+Na2So4
                                                                           greep ppt

(2) Ferric (III) sulphate solution Fe2(So(So4) 3 + 6 NooH 2Fe(OH)3 +

(ii) What will you see when barium chloride solution is addded to iron (II) sulphate solution?

(iii) How will the action of dilute hydrochloride acid on sodium carbonate and sodium sulphite enable you to distinguish between these two compounds?

Ans.1 (f)(i) (1)(11 x 4 x 100)/382  (2) = 11.51%

(ii) BaCl+ FeSO4 BaSO4 + FeCl2
white ppt. of barium Sulphate are seen

(iii) When dilute Hydrochloric acid is added to sodium carbonate, it gives effervescence due to evolution of carbon dioxide but sodium sulphite does not do so.

Q. 1(g). Choosing only words from the following list write down the appropriate words to fill in the blanks (i) to (v) below :
anions, anode cathode, cations, electrode, electrolyte, nickel, voltameter.

To electroplate an article with nickel requires an (i) .............................................which must be a solution containing (ii)...................... ions. The article to be plated is placed as the(iii).................................. of the cell in which the plating is carried out .The (iv)............................ of the cell is made from pure nickel. The ions which are attracted to the negative electrodes and discharged are called (v) .......................................... .
Ans(g)
(i) electolyte (ii) Nickel (iii) anode (iv) Cathode (v) cations

Q 1(h).The following question result to the Nitrogen Cycle.
(i) What are the soluble nitrogen compounds absorbed by the roots of plants ?
(ii) What kind of plants directly absorb nitrogen from the atmosphere ?
(iii) What term is applied to the conversion of atmosphere nitrogen to useful compounds of nitrogen?
(iv) Compounds such as ammonium nitrate. urea and super - phosphate are used to replace nitrogen and other elements loss from the soil as a result of cultivation. What is the common name given to these compounds ?
(v) What insoluble substance is used in making superphosphate?

Ans.(h)(i) Nitrates (ii) Leguminious plants (iii) Nitrogen fixation (iv) fertilizers (v) Nitrophosphate

SCIENCE
SECTION - II (40 Marks )
Answer any four questions

Q 2(a) (i) Name the oxide of sulphur which react with water to give sulphuric acid.
Q 2(a)(ii) In the contact Process the direct reaction between the oxide of sulphur and water is avoided. In the process, what dfoes the oxide of sulphur react with instead of water and what is the name of the product?
Q 2(a)(iii) Give the name and formula of the acid salt which can give sodium ions and sulphate ions in solution.
Ans.2
(a) (i) SO3
Ans.2
(a) (ii) Oxide of sulphur used is SO3. It is absorbed in H2SO4 to give oleum.

H2SO4 + SO3 ----------- H2S2O7 Fuming Sulphunic acid (Oleum).(product)
Ans.2 (a)(iii) NaHSO3. (Sodium Bisulphite.), Because this gives Na+ and HSO3- <=====H+ +SO3-- sulphate

Q 2(b) The metal zinc is extracted from the ore zinc blende.
Q 2(b) (i) Name the zinc compound in zinc blende.
Q 2(b) (ii) Zinc blend when rosted in air gives off a gas which, iff allowed to escape, would constitute an atmospheric pollutant. What is this gas?
Q 2(b) (iii) What particular polluting effect does this gas have?

Ans. 2 (b) (i)
Zinc Sulphide (ZoS)
Ans. 2 (b) (ii)
2ZnS + 3O2 ------------ 2ZnO + 2SO2 (Sulphur dioxide)
Ans. 2 (b) (iii)
It is Poisonous and causes inflammation in lungs. Harmful for living beings.

Q 2 (c) Write correctly balanced equations for the   reaction in dilute sulphuric acid with each of the following :
Q 2 (c) (i) Copper carbonate
Q 2 (c) (ii) Lead nitrate solution
Q 2 (c) (iii) Zinc hydroxide

Ans. 2 (c) (i) CuCO3 + H2SO4 --- CuSO4 + CO2 + H2O
Ans. 2 (c) (ii) Pb(NO3)2 + H2SO4 -------- PbSO4 + 2HNO3
Ans. 2 (c) (iii) Zn(OH)2 + H2SO4 --------- ZnSO4 + 2H2O


Q 3(a) The following reaction are carrid out :L
A : Nitrogen + metal ---------- compound X
B : X + water ---------- ammonia + another compound
C : Ammonia +  metal oxide ------ metal + water + nitrogen
(i) One metal that can be be used for reaction A is magnesium.
(1) State the conditions for the reaction

(2) Write the formula of the compound X formed when nitrogen and magnesium react together.
(ii) Write the correctly balanced equation for reaction B where X as the compound formed
etween nitrogen and magnesium.

(iii) What property of ammonia as demonstarted by reaction C?

Ans.3 (a)(i) 3Mg + N2 Heat Mg3N2(Magnesiun Nitrate) and 2Al + N2 2 ALN
(ii)Mg3N2 + 6H2O ---------- 3Mg(OH) 2 + 2NH3              (Aluminium nitride)
(iii) Ammonia is a reducing agent. It reduces Metal oxide to Metal.

Q 3 (b) Industrically ammonia is obtained by direct combination between nitrogen and hydrogen.
(i) Write the correctly balance equation for the direct combination of nitrogen and hydrogen?
(ii) Which of the metals - iron, platinum. copper catalyse - this direct combination?
(iii) Is the formation of ammonia promoted by the use of high pressure or low pressure?
Ans.3 (b)(i) N2 + 3H2 -------- 2NH3
(ii) Iron
(iii) High Pressure - Haber's Process

Q 3 (c) (i) Is ammonia more dense or less dense than air?
(ii) What property of ammonia is demonstrated by the Fountain Experiment?
(iii) Write the correctly balanced equation for the reaction between ammonia and sulpuric acid.

Ans.3 (c) (i) Less denser than air.
(ii) It is basic in nature
(iii) 2NH4 + H2SO4 ---------- (NH4)2 SO4 (Ammonium Sulphate)


Q 4(a)(i) The compound A has the following percentage composition by mass : carbon 26.7%., Oxygen 71.1%; hydrogen 2.2%.Determine the empirical formula of A (Work to one decimal place) (H = 1: = 12 : O = 16)
(ii) If the relative molecular mass of A is 90, What is the molecular formula of A?
(iii) The compound A is a week acid. What is meant by this statement?
Ans. 4(a)(i)
% At. Wt. Simplest Ratio
C = 26.7%  26.7/12 = 2.2 1
O = 71.1 %  71.1/16 = 4.4 2
H = 2.2 % 2.2/1     = 2.2   1

EF = CHO2

(ii) Molecular mass / A = 90
Eq.Wt = 12 + 1 + 32 = 45
n = 90/45 = 2
M.F = C2H2O4

(iii) It  means it gives a lesser no of Hydrogen ion in an aqueous solution or its degree of dissolution is V low.

Q 4(b) Ammonia burn in oxygen and the combustion, in the presence of a catalyst,may be represented by :
2NH3 + 21/2O2
2NO + 3H2O
(i) What mass of steam is prodused when 1.5g of nitrogen monooxide is formed?
(ii) What volume of oxygen, at stp, is required to form 10 moles of products? [H = 1: N = 14 : O = 16. 1mole of gas occupies 22.4dm3 (22.4 liter) at stp].

Ans. 4(b) (i) 2NH3 + 5/2 O2 --------- 2NO + 3H2O (gas)
2 moles of NO = 3 moles of steam
        OR

2x30 gms of NO = 54 gms/steam
1.5 gms of NO = 54 x 1.5 /2 x30 = 1.35 gms

(ii) 2 moles of NO = 5/2 x 22.4 liter of O2
therefore  10 moles of NO = 22.4 x5/2 x 1/2 x 10 = 280 litres

Q 5(a) The table below compares some properties of metals and non metals. Write down the missing statements (i) to (iv):
Metal Non  - Metal
(i) poor conductors of heat
Malleable (ii)
Form positive ions (iii)
(iv) Form acidic oxides
Ans. 5 (a)(i) Good conductor of heat
(ii) Non Maleable
(iii) Negative Ions or have negative charge
(iv) Basic Oxides

Q 5 (b) (i) Metals are generally  solid at room tempreature. Name the metal which is liquid at room tempreature (say 25oC)
(ii) Which allotrope of the non - metal carbon conducts electricity?
Ans. 5(b)(i) Mercury Hg
(ii) Graphite

Q 5(c) (i) How many valence electrons are present in :
(1) Metals
(2) Non - Metals?

(ii) Name all the particles found in a solution of sodium chloride?
Ans. 5(c)(i)(1) 1, 2 & 3 generally
(2) 5, 6 & 7 generally

Ans.5 (c) (ii) Na+, Cl-, OH-, H+

 

Q 6(a) (i) Ethane and chlorine react together to form monochloroethane(ethyl chloride).
(1) Write down the structural formula of ethane.
(2) What type of reaction has taken place between ethane and chlorine.

Q 6(a)(ii) The type of reaction between ethene and chlorine is different from that between ethane and chlorine.

(1) What is the type of reaction between ethene and chlorine?
(2) What feature of the ethene structure makes such a reaction possible ?
(3) Name the product of the reaction between ethene and chlorine.
Ans. 6 (a)(i)Strucutural formula of ethene

(ii) Substitution reaction

Ans. 6 (a)(ii) (1) Addition reaction
(2) Presence of double bond
(3) 1,1 DiChloro Ethane

Q 6(b) Ethane burns completely in air or oxygen to give carbon dioxide(and water vapour). With a limited supply of air/oxygen carbon monoxide is formed. The same gases are found in automobile exhaust gases. Both gases can be considered as atmospheric pollutants.
(i) Write the equation of the complete combustion of ethane.
(ii) What danger is associated with carbon monoxide.
(iii) What effect is associated with too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
(iv) Burning acetylene (ethyne) in oxygen under appropriate condition produces a very hot flame. What is this hot flame used for?

Ans. 6 (b)(i) 2C2H6 + 7O2 ---------- 4CO2 + 6H2O

(ii) It combine with Haemoglobin of blood to form carboxy Haemoglobin. Supply of oxygen from lungs to other part of body is prevented. In other words intake of the oxygen is decreased.

(iii) It pollutes the air

(iv) Oxy - Acetylene flame in produced which is used for welding.


Q 7(a) Solution P has a pH of 13,solution Q has a pH of 6 and solution R has a pH of 2.

(i) Which solution will liberate ammonia from ammonium sulphate on heating?
(ii) Which solution is a strong acid?
(iii) Which solution contains solute molecules as well as ions?
Ans.7(a)
(i) P
(ii) R
(iii) Q

Q 7 (b) From the list of substances given below ,choose the pair required to prepare the salts (i) to (iii) in the laboratory and write down the relevant equations .
The substance are : chlorine , iron, lead, lead nitrate solution, sodium nitrate solution, iron (III) carbonate, lead carbonate, iron (III) hydroxide, sodium hydroxide solution and dilute hydrochloric acid.
The salts are :
(i) sodium chloride.
(ii) lead chloride.
(iii) anhydrous iron (III) chloride.
Ans.7(b) (i) Sodium hydroxide and Dil. HCl.
(ii) Lead carbonate + Dil. Hydrocloric Acid
Lead chloride + carbon dioxide + water
(iii) 2Fe + Cl2
2FeCl3(III)

Q 7 (c) All ammonium salts are decomposed on heating. What other property do ammonium salts have in common?
Ans. 7(c)
All ammonium salt are highly soluble in water.